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New Mexico Volcano Collection

Valles Caldera, Jemez MtsCerros del Rio Volcanic FieldTusas Brazos VolcanoesTaos Plateau Volcanic FieldRaton-Clayton Volcanic FieldOcate Volcanic FieldCienaga Volcanic FieldSan Felipe Volcanic FieldAlbuquerque-Cat Hills Volcanic FieldTome - Black Butte - Los Pinos VolcanoesSocorro Active Magma BodySierra Blanca VolcanoCarrizozo Lava FieldJornada del Muerto VolcanoCaballo (Engle) Volcanic FieldPotrillo Volcanic FieldPalomas Volcanic FieldBootheel Volcanic FieldDatil-Mogollon Volcanic FieldRed Hill Volcanic FieldMcCartys Lava FlowLucero Volcanic FieldMt. Taylor Volcanic FieldNavajo (Shiprock) Volcanic Field

 

Select any of the volcanic features on the map above or selct from the list below for more information. The information on these pages is a work in progress. Check back for updates.

Volcano Page List

Type:
Basaltic fissure eruptions & scoria/spatter cones
Significance:
Linear fissure, young age, unusual vent structures, and proximity to a large city
Location:
35.2° N, 106.8° W, Bernalillo County
Type:
Significance:
Collection of old calderas in extreme southwestern New Mexico
Location:
31° 20' to 32° 20' N, 107° 50' to 109° +' W, Hidalgo County
Type:
Significance:
Location:
Sierra County
Type:
Basaltic lava flow
Significance:
One of the latest young lava flows on Earth
Location:
33° 20' N to 33° 53' N, 106° W, Lincoln County
Type:
Pliocene Composite volcano, scoria cones, maars, viscous domes, volcanic necks
Significance:
Classic late Cenozoic volcanic field with diverse array of volcanic morphologies and compositions; thick viscous flow domes of basaltic andesite; numerous hydromagmatic eruptions; section in White Rock Canyon exposes numerous hydromagmatic deposits
Location:
35° 30' to 35° 52' N, 106° 05' to 106° 20' W, Santa Fe County
Type:
Significance:
Location:
Torrance County
Type:
Field of ash-flow calderas and associated volcanic rocks
Significance:
A collection of giant calderas ("super volcanoes") from the beginning of New Mexico's "Age of Volcanoes".
Location:
32° 00' to 34° 30' N, 106° 30' to 109° 00' W, Socorro County
Type:
Basaltic shield volcano / lava field
Significance:
Large volume, young age, unusual vent structure, and other-worldly isolation
Location:
33° 28' to 33° 40' N, 106° 42' to 107° 08' , Socorro County
Type:
Basaltic shield volcano, scoria cones, associated lava flows; older basaltic mesas
Significance:
Location:
34°42' N, 107° 20' W, Valencia County
Type:
Composite volcano
Significance:
Second largest young volcano in New Mexico; classic composite volcano; long-lived history and complete development
Location:
35° 13' N latitude, 107° 35' W longitude, Cibola County
Type:
Group of intrusions and associated extrusive rocks. (Chuska Mountains, northwestern New Mexico)
Significance:
The most famous example of a volcanic neck; unusual near-surface preservation of mafic mid-Tertiary volcanoes
Location:
Chuska Volcanic Field, approx. 35° 25' to 37° N and 108° 25' 109° Ship Rock, 36° 41' N, 108° 40' W, San Juan County
Type:
Volcanic field consisting of scoria cones, shield volcano, and lava flows
Significance:
Volcanic field at the foot of the east slopes of the Sangre de Cristo (Rocky) Mountains and Fort Union and Santa Fe trail
Location:
35° 40' N to 36° 20' , 104° 40' W to 105° 12' W, Mora County
Type:
Significance:
Location:
32° N, 108°W, Luna County
Type:
Scoria cones, shield volcanos, and maars
Significance:
Youthful volcanic field in Basin and Range setting; several youthful maars and cinder cones
Location:
31° 45' to 32° 15' N, 106° 47' to 107° 21' W, Doña Ana County
Type:
Extensive volcanic field of scoria cones, silicic volcanoes, and lava flows
Significance:
Large and young monogenetic scoria cones; extreme diversity of lava compositions from very mafic to dacitic
Location:
36 to 37.3° N latitude, 103.1 to 104.3° W longitude, Union County
Type:
Cluster of monogenetic scoria cones, maars, and associated lava flows.
Significance:
Several youthful maars and significant neotechtonic structures; Zuni Salt lake maar is a classic youthful hydromagmatic crater
Location:
33° 50' to 34° 39' N , 108° 25' to 108° 00' W, Catron County
Type:
Volcanic Necks
Significance:
Vertical erosion through a classic volcanic field; near surface structure of scoria cones and maars
Location:
mostly 35° 05' to 35° 37' N, 107° 05' to 107° 15' W, Cibola County
Type:
Basaltic fissure eruptions & scoria/spatter cones
Significance:
Compact volcanic field; numerous fault scarps; classic shield volocano
Location:
35° 25' to 35° 35'N, 106° 25' to 106° 35'W, Bernalillo County
Type:
Massive complex of intermediate and silicic volcanic rocks intruded into pyroclastic materials, lava flows, and debris
Significance:
Largest mid-Tertiary volcanic complex east of Rio Grande; eastern-most mountain of the Basin and Range Province; southern-most U. S. volcanic complex that towers into the Arctic/Alpine life zone.
Location:
33.4° N latitude, 105.7° W longitude, Otero County
Type:
Significance:
Location:
Socorro County
Type:
Tholeiitic sheet flows, scoria/spatter cones, and silicic shield volcanoes and domes
Significance:
Largest volcanic field within the Rio Grande rift and unusual silicic shield volcanoes
Location:
36° 36' N latitude, 105° 48' W longitude, Taos County
Type:
Significance:
Location:
Valencia County
Type:
Four scoria cones and associated basaltic lava flows.
Significance:
Unusual location on summit of Tusas Mountains; flows from the twin Brazos cones flowed several thousand feet down in elevation along the Brazos Box to the lower elevations at Tierra Amarilla.
Location:
36° 30' to 36° 45'N, 106° 18' to 106° 38' W, Rio Arriba County
Type:
Ash-flow caldera, viscous domes, basaltic flows
Significance:
One of the largest young calderas on Earth; type area for resurgent ash-flow calderas
Location:
Valles Caldera, 35° 35' to 36° 15' N, 106° 10' to 106° 48' W;, Sandoval County
Type:
Holocene scoria cones, shield volcanoes, spatter cones and lava flows
Significance:
Youthful volcanic field; the McCartys lava flow is one of the youngest and longest lava flows on the continent.
Location:
35° N, 108° W, Cibola County
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